Cushman & Wakefield was retained by an Indian nation regarding damages related to 250,000 acres in Upstate New York that were purchased between 1795 and 1825. This engagement involved research of property records and mortgages from the 18th and 19th centuries, development of land price indices, and the study of historical events that shaped the economy of Upstate New York such as bank panics, completion of the Erie Canal, and establishment of Buffalo as the initial Gateway to the West.